A bunion is a common condition that involves an abnormal, bony bump at the base of the big toe, causing the joint to swell outward and become painful. The big toe may also turn inward toward the second toe as a result of the enlarged joint, which can then lead to difficulty walking, ingrown toenails, and corns and calluses.
Bunions can form when there is an improper balance of forces exerted on the joints of the foot, causing instability in the joint of the big toe. This often occurs as a result of shoes that do not fit properly, abnormal walking habits, or an inherited foot type. Bunions can also be caused by injury, birth defects, arthritis, or certain neuromuscular disorders.
Although bunions are not usually a serious condition, they can be painful and embarrassing. If left untreated, they will usually grow larger and more painful over time. It is important to seek medical attention and discuss treatment options with your doctor. Often further breakdown of the joints and prevention can be the best treatment. Call Dr. Praveen Vohra today to schedule your evaluation at 815-254-3338.
Bunion treatment depends on the severity of the condition, although early treatment is considered most effective. Mild bunions may be relieved of pain simply by changing shoes, applying ice, or taping your foot into a normal position. Medication, orthotics, and physical therapy may also be recommended by your doctor. Surgical treatment, usually reserved for more severe cases, can improve pain, inflammation, deformities and stiffness.
The most common surgical procedure for bunions is a bunionectomy, which may involve a combination of procedures which may include:
-Removing the swollen tissue from the big toe join
-Removing part of the bone to straighten the big toe,
or permanently joining the bones of the big toe joint
Sometimes hardware is used to keep the bones in their proper position. Most bunion procedures are performed on an outpatient basis under local and Mac IV anesthesia. General anesthesia may be used in certain situations depending on the complexity of the procedure and the preference of the patient.
Recovery from bunion surgery depends on the complexity of the procedure. Some people will be able to walk on their foot immediately after surgery in a special shoe, while others may need to use crutches or a cane and may not be able to walk for a few weeks or longer. It is important to keep your dressing clean and dry to ensure proper healing. Most patients require the use of orthotics and physical therapy after surgery in order to maintain stable and correctly-positioned feet.
Call Dr. Vohra today to discuss your options at 815 254-3338.